The ABO blood group system is a classification system for the antigens of human blood
discovered by Karl Landsteiner in 1900. There are four blood groups : A, B, AB and O.
The Rh blood group system is the second most significant system for blood grouping.
Rh factor refer to Rh D antigen only. Determination of Rh factor along with
ABO is essential for defining the Rh +ve or Rh -ve status of the individual.
Around 85% of the human population is Rh +ve while 15% is Rh -ve.
The ABO & Rh systems are the most significant blood group
systems from the clinical point of view.
Bovine Albumin is primarily used to enhance the reactivity of blood grouping antibodies, either in direct agglutination tests or indirect anti-globulin test which can be qualitatively used in antibody detection, identification, titration and control of Rh typing.
Anti-AB Monoclonal Antibodies are in-vitro culture supernatant of hybrids obtained by cellular fusion (Hybridoma Technology). It is a monoclonal antibody for ABO grouping. The reagent is for in-vitro use only.